Payday Loans vs. Personal Loans: What’s The Difference?

Having debts is unavoidable. At least once in your lifetime, you might have incurred debt and have had to deal with repayments.

Loans and debts aren’t entirely harmful to your finances, but not paying them back is. After borrowing a significant amount from these arrangements, it’s imperative to pay them back according to the agreement.

Before borrowing money from any financial institution, a responsible borrower should know
what type of loan program to take. Lenders may educate borrowers regarding these loans before
having them sign up for one. Still, it’s advantageous on your part to recognize how these loans
differ and which one is suitable to your needs, repayment capability, and financial situation.

Payday Loans Vs. Personal Loans: What Are They and How Do They Work?

Personal and payday loans are two of the most popular types of loans. These two work opposite
each other when it comes to the different factors of the financial agreement. Before diving into
the world of loans and debts, it’s crucial to learn about payday and personal loans first, as these
two loans can provide the quickest access to cash.

Payday loans are small, short-term, high-cost loans meant to be paid back on your next pay
check. There’s no question that payday loans allow fast approval without the need for an
excellent credit history, but many financial experts advise against taking up payday loans
because of their high interest.

Meanwhile, personal loans are either secured or unsecured loans. Personal loans are acquired to
finance different purposes ranging from major purchases to debt consolidation. Unsecured
personal loans tend to have high interests and rely on credit rating, while secured personal loans
can put your assets at risk. Stay tuned for a further discussion between these two later.

Both payday and personal loans can be identified as unsecured loans as they don’t require any
collateral in the agreement—a reason many Canadians use unsecured loans. However, these
loans are implemented with high interest to compensate for the absence of collateral.

How Do Payday and Personal Loans Differ?

Immediate approval and payment are the most significant similarities between payday and
personal loans, but they’re considerably different concerning the following factors:

1. Loan Term

Upon taking out a loan, your lender will assign you with a regular repayment schedule
spread across your entire loan term. The repayment length dictates the time it’ll take your
loan to be completely paid off, given that your payments are up-to-date.

Payday loans have shorter loan terms compared to personal loans. As the name suggests,
a payday loan is usually settled on the borrower’s next pay check because only a smaller
principal amount is lent. Typically, borrowers should pay off payday loans two to four
weeks after the initial loan date, but this can still vary from lender to lender.

On the other hand, personal loans are repaid within one to five years as agreed upon by
the lender and borrower. Since personal loans are usually taken out for big spending, the monthly repayments are distributed into a longer loan term to make them possible and
easier to pay off.

2. Principal Loan Amount and Interest Costs

The amount of your single repayments will depend on how much you borrowed, which is
called the principal amount, plus the interest costs spread throughout the loan term. As a
rule of thumb, the higher the principal loan amount, the higher the monthly repayments.
Lenders carry out interest to serve as their profit by putting their money on the line.

Most states and cities have a payday lending cap depending on the borrower’s personal
circumstances. The lender will either approve or modify your desired principal amount
depending on your expenses, income, and payday lending history. For example, in terms
of interest, the borrower who takes out a loan for 30 days will need to pay more than
GBP£24 in fees and other charges per GBP£100 borrowed.

Personal loans have a relatively higher principal amount spread out on longer
predetermined repayment periods. Borrowers can obtain GBP£1,000 to GBP£10,000,
which explains the use for huge purchases that we’ll tackle later. For instance, most
lenders estimate that the average annual percentage rate (APR) of personal loans ranges
from 2.8% to 10% in a 24-month personal loan.

Lenders may implement different interest rates depending on their calculation methods,
including simple, compound, or add-on interest calculations. Make sure to clarify this
with your lender before borrowing.

3. Eligibility Conditions and Requirements

You can’t simply enter into a lending institution expecting you’ll exit with a full pocket,
especially if you don’t have an established financial reputation. Before taking out any
loan, lenders will set conditions and requirements to determine if you’re eligible for the
loan and its agreements. These requirements primarily involve your financial conditions
like creditworthiness.

In payday and unsecured personal loans, lenders will solely analyse your creditworthiness
by looking at your credit rating. On the other hand, secured personal loans require putting
up collateral if the borrower fails to repay the loan. Using collateral, you can score larger
principal amounts, friendlier terms, and more favourable interest rates.

Both payday and personal loans implement these minimum requirements:

  • Indicated purpose of loan
  • Personal and banking information
  • Financial statements
  • Cash flow
  • The borrower must be in legal age
  • Business plan, if the loan is intended to finance borrower’s venture

4. Typical Uses and Purpose

Payday loans seem to be more preferrable to people living from pay check to pay check.
Borrowers with this type of loan usually spend their borrowed payday loan money for daily living as they can’t stretch their previous pay check further. They may also use payday loans for unforeseen emergencies.

Contrarily, you can spend personal loans more responsibly through the following:

  • Debt consolidation, or using the personal loan to pay off a high-interest debt
  • Home improvements and renovations
  • Emergency expenses
  • Moving costs
  • Travel and vacation expenses
  • Wedding preparation expenses
  • Alternative to payday loan

Bottom Line

Money is a primary necessity that can further fund your needs and wants in life. Financial
education taught us to secure an emergency fund to avoid being financially off-guard. However,
some people may not have the opportunity to build theirs yet, or have already spent them
recently. This is where loans come into the critical picture.

It’s okay to take out loans occasionally as they can help build your credit rating. However, it
takes a financially responsible individual to manage loans like the payday and personal loans
discussed in this article. Avoid spiralling into a debt hole so you can start your journey to
financial freedom without having to worry about loans, interest rates, penalty fees, and the like.

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